Environmental impact of the supply chain
Increasingly significant environmental impact arises from Kemira’s suppliers and logistics service partners’ transport and production of raw materials. Thus, optimizing logistics is a way for Kemira to mitigate the environmental impact of the supply chain. Currently, Kemira encourages its logistics service partners to use only Euro 4 compliant transport equipment or better, Kemira’s target is to move on to the Euro 5 requirements starting from January 1, 2015. Improvement towards this target was observed already during 2012, as Kemira’s service partners transfer to Euro 5 compliant transport equipment.
To further improve the optimization of its product transportation, Kemira has focused its attention on load optimization, e.g. by sending full truck loads on the roads. Furthermore, tendering has led the logistics service providers to look for back haul arrangements. Also the new logistics IT system, which is already in use in Kemira’s North American operations, supports Kemira’s target of load optimization. The IT system will be implemented in Europe during 2013.
In 2012, Kemira’s calculated the specific CO2 emissions from its product transportation to be 26 kg CO2/tonne product transported. This calculation is based on transported tonnes as reported in Kemira's ERP system, an estimate of average transport distance per transport mode and CEFIC guidelines for measuring and managing CO2 emissions from freight transport operations. There was no major change in the specific emissions compared to the 2011 level, mainly because the amount of transported products remained on the same level, and there were no major differences in the use of transportation modes.
Reuse and recycling of waste as raw material
Kemira is using a number of materials classified as waste or recycled material as raw materials in its production. In 2012, the quantity of materials purchased was 3.6 million tonnes, out of which 938 thousand tonnes (26% of total materials purchased) were classified as recycled materials from external partners. There was slight increase in the share of recycled raw materials compared to 2011 (22%).
Reuse and recycling of packaging materials
Kemira aims to reclaim as much of its packaging material as possible. A significant part of the liquid packaging used by Kemira is reused packages that have been reconditioned for Kemira. In 2012, 22% of the IBC containers purchased by Kemira globally were reconditioned. Of the total liquid packages purchased globally in 2012 approximately 4% were reconditioned.
When plastic or other material is used as basis for packaging, Kemira strives to reclaim the material and thus minimize the use of virgin materials. Kemira is also using a third party service provider for returning packaging from the customers’ sites for reuse. Packaging that is returned to Kemira or to a third party from the customers is either re-used or processed for recycling.